Emma Lazarus composed The New Colossus in 1883 as part of a project to raise funds to build the pedestal for the Statue. The poem's title refers to the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the world.
Emma Lazarus was born on July 22, 1849 to a well-established Jewish family in New York City. The most famous lines of the poem: "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free. The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
For more information on Emma Lazarus:
Jewish Women's Archive -- Emma Lazarus
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